Airports

Twenty years in the making

After nearly two decades in the making, Terminal 5 at London Heathrow Airport has finally been completed. It was in 1989 that Richard Rogers Partnership won the competition to design Terminal 5 at London Heathrow . Much has happened in the last 19 years. Firstly, Terminal 5 is now a Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners project, reflecting the changes that have happened to the practice.

Meanwhile, the terminal design itself has been revised a further three times since the original competition winner, in response to feedback from both, client, British Airports Authority (BAA) and the general public. Concept Design 1 was the original competition winner put forth in 1989. Featuring a main terminal building which handled departing and arriving passengers on a single concourse level, baggage handling and technical services would take place beneath, at the undercroft level. However, changing requirements resulted in a drastic reduction in the available site area. Questions were also raised over the long-term viability of and practicality of the single layer model. So Concept Design 2 segregated arrival and departure passengers. This also led to a reconception of the operational spaces in the terminal, which would then be divided by âℬ˜canyons', allowing natural light to reach the lower levels of the building.

This design was opened to public enquiry in 1995, but during the process of the enquiry, BAA, questioned the compatibility of the canyon design with the needs of the building. BAA wanted a terminal that could be highly flexible and adaptable, able to meet new priorities in the future. The new, more âℬ˜futureproof' Concept Design 3, anticipated the need for the building to respond continually to major new challenges, such as fast-track passenger processing, new airline alliances and configurations , the growth of retail and services, and the impact of ever larger and more complex aircraft. The finalised design was officially opened in March 2008.

The passenger areas are now all kept on one level, although they extend over two levels at the edges of the building. Plant rooms, baggage handling and the other day-to-day infrastructure for the terminal are all carried out on a level below the passengers. Environment friendly Of course, no discussion of anything related to air travel can ignore the concerns of sustainability. As a result, Terminal 5 has been designed to include sustainable design features to reduce the building's overall environmental footprint. Rogers made the decision to use air-conditioning, rather than natural ventilation. This was because the noise and air pollution generated by aircraft would make natural ventilation impractical.

However, a displacement air-conditioning system developed by Arup reduces energy use, while canopies and low eaves reduce solar gain on the south and east elevations. Heating is provided by waste heat from an existing combined heat and power plant. This will provide 85% of the heating demand for Terminal 5 and will save around 11,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. Meanwhile, boreholes will harvest rain and groundwater, reducing demand on the public water supply by 70% and reusing up to 85% of the rainfall that falls on the terminal's campus. Overall, the entire project should allow Heathrow Airport to cater for an additional 30m passengers each year. URL : www.arabianbusiness.com

More Airports
Skytrax announces list of best airports for 2018
Passenger traffic at Doha’s Hamad International Airport grows by 20%
World’s first 7-star airport inaugurated
Latest Travel News
Kazakhstan's new tourist attraction - fa...
Summer in Turkey...
Taif Season attracts more than 750,000 v...
Featured Sights To See
Can Gio

Can Gio

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Just 25 km southeast of the city, Can Gio is a mangrove forest with natural, untouched beauty. The 75,000 hectares have a wealth of animal and plant species and a wildlife museum and monkey sanctuary. For nature enthusiasts, Can Gio is a worthwhile trip, though it’s more of a retreat for locals than a popular tourist destination.            &n...

Sheikh Zayed Palace Museum

Sheikh Zayed Palace Museum

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Sheikh Zayed Palace, built in 1937, was the residence of His Highness Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan - the ruler of the Eastern Region at the time - until 1966. In 2001, it was converted into a museum and was opened to the public.  The simplicity of the buildings, along with the secluded gardens and the flourishing green palm trees at the west side of the Al Ain Oasis, truly reflects the cou...

Underground City

Underground City

Montreal, Canada

The Underground City is a unique complex of shopping malls, restaurants, cinemas, boutiques, and offices underneath Downtown Montreal.  It was the brainchild of urbanist Vincent Ponte.  The first section was built in 1962 beneath new skyscraper construction on the site of an old railyard.  The subterranean network has been expanding ever since, most recently in 2003 with the develop...

Montreal Science Centre

Montreal Science Centre

Montreal, Canada

At the nexus of science, technology, and entertainment, the Montreal Science Center is a great destination for families.  There are seven permanent exhibitions and several temporary exhibitions.  Science 26 offers 26 hands-on stations showcasing everyday science, one for each letter of the alphabet.  Mission Gaia is all about sustainable development and the environment.  Cargo ...