Airports

Twenty years in the making

After nearly two decades in the making, Terminal 5 at London Heathrow Airport has finally been completed. It was in 1989 that Richard Rogers Partnership won the competition to design Terminal 5 at London Heathrow . Much has happened in the last 19 years. Firstly, Terminal 5 is now a Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners project, reflecting the changes that have happened to the practice.

Meanwhile, the terminal design itself has been revised a further three times since the original competition winner, in response to feedback from both, client, British Airports Authority (BAA) and the general public. Concept Design 1 was the original competition winner put forth in 1989. Featuring a main terminal building which handled departing and arriving passengers on a single concourse level, baggage handling and technical services would take place beneath, at the undercroft level. However, changing requirements resulted in a drastic reduction in the available site area. Questions were also raised over the long-term viability of and practicality of the single layer model. So Concept Design 2 segregated arrival and departure passengers. This also led to a reconception of the operational spaces in the terminal, which would then be divided by âℬ˜canyons', allowing natural light to reach the lower levels of the building.

This design was opened to public enquiry in 1995, but during the process of the enquiry, BAA, questioned the compatibility of the canyon design with the needs of the building. BAA wanted a terminal that could be highly flexible and adaptable, able to meet new priorities in the future. The new, more âℬ˜futureproof' Concept Design 3, anticipated the need for the building to respond continually to major new challenges, such as fast-track passenger processing, new airline alliances and configurations , the growth of retail and services, and the impact of ever larger and more complex aircraft. The finalised design was officially opened in March 2008.

The passenger areas are now all kept on one level, although they extend over two levels at the edges of the building. Plant rooms, baggage handling and the other day-to-day infrastructure for the terminal are all carried out on a level below the passengers. Environment friendly Of course, no discussion of anything related to air travel can ignore the concerns of sustainability. As a result, Terminal 5 has been designed to include sustainable design features to reduce the building's overall environmental footprint. Rogers made the decision to use air-conditioning, rather than natural ventilation. This was because the noise and air pollution generated by aircraft would make natural ventilation impractical.

However, a displacement air-conditioning system developed by Arup reduces energy use, while canopies and low eaves reduce solar gain on the south and east elevations. Heating is provided by waste heat from an existing combined heat and power plant. This will provide 85% of the heating demand for Terminal 5 and will save around 11,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. Meanwhile, boreholes will harvest rain and groundwater, reducing demand on the public water supply by 70% and reusing up to 85% of the rainfall that falls on the terminal's campus. Overall, the entire project should allow Heathrow Airport to cater for an additional 30m passengers each year. URL : www.arabianbusiness.com

More Airports
Skytrax announces list of best airports for 2018
Passenger traffic at Doha’s Hamad International Airport grows by 20%
World’s first 7-star airport inaugurated
Latest Travel News
flydubai to operate some flights from Du...
South Korea Pavilion among top five at E...
Collect souvenirs from the first Emirate...
Featured Sights To See
Addu Atoll

Addu Atoll

Maldives, Maldives

In the south of the country lies the heart shaped Addu Atoll from where travelers, from Gan can cycle to three inhabited islands via a causeway. Addu Atoll is the main economic and administrative centre in the south of the country and is just a little smaller than Male’. It has a population of 28, 000 across seven islands. The biggest influence on Addu’s modern history has been the British bases, ...

Cismigui Gardens

Cismigui Gardens

Bucharest, Romania

The17 hectares of greenery of the Cismigui Gardens have great significance for Bucharest. It is the largest park in the city center that has various entrances, depending on where you are located. The gardens are crowded with people all day during summers as people use it as a picnic spot, play ground for children and a leisure spot beside the artificial lake. A perfect spot for a relaxing outside ...

Museum of Science & Industry

Museum of Science & Industry

Chicago, United States

Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry is housed in the Palace of FIne Arts, built for the Columbian Exhibition.  In the 1920s, after the Field Museum moved out, it was decided to convert the magnificent Neoclassical building into a museum dedicated to science and industry.  The museum was bankrolled by Julius Rosenwald of retailer Sears Roebuck.  It has evolved into one of the wo...

Albert Cyup Market

Albert Cyup Market

Amsterdam, Netherlands

This street market is one of the most popular in the whole of Holland. Started in 1903, this market now has over 300 stalls on both sides of the street. These stalls sell everything from clothes, cosmetics and chocolates to fruit, fish and vegetables. The market is a good place to test your bargaining skills. The market is open from 9.30 am to 5 pm, Monday to Saturday. Due to bad weather during wi...