Dating back to the 13th century, Stockholm is one of the oldest civilizations in the country that started off as a mining colony and as a naval base set up by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from a sea invasion.
The strategic location of the city made it an important centre of trade, and in developing relations with the adjoining areas and kingdoms, made Stockholm one of the most important places in Sweden.
The 16th century was marked with bloodshed and massive executions at the hands of the Kalmar Union but also resulted in the collapse of the Union. The 16th and 17th century saw Sweden and Stockholm grow into a major European power and the city became the capital of the Swedish empire in 1634 as well as its trade centre.
The 18th century brought with it the Great Northern War which tore the city apart; however Stockholm continued to develop after the war and regained its lost economic status by the second half of the 19th century. Even then, the city was primarily composed of immigrants and less than 40% of the population was native to the city.
By the end of the 19th century, the city was expanding and gradually developed itself further, and by the end of the 20th century, it became one of the most modern and technologically advanced cities of the world.
Though many historical buildings were torn down and replaced with modern designs and industries, it still kept its cultural heritage relatively intact.