The Capitoline Hill
Above the Roman Forum, the Capitoline Hill was Rome’s symbolic centre and held the temple of Jupiter. It is one of the most famous and highest hills of Rome. It was a seat of power in ancient Rome and remains a centre of municipal government even today. There are two museums, the oldest public museums in the world, the Palazzo Nuova, with Greek and Roman sculptures, and the Palazzo dei Conservatori, with art galleries, sculptures, and frescoes. Just like in ancient Rome, the hill still has the best views of Rome’s centre. The Temple of Jupiter was destroyed three times by fire; it was last rebuilt by Emperor Domitian. In the 16th Century, Michelangelo designed the present plan. In the centre of the square is a casting of the equestrian statue of Marcus Amelius, the only statue to have survived from the era of pagan Rome. The real statue is inside the museum. For centuries it stood in the centre of the piazza until the 1970s when it was moved inside and restored.